Trade Advocacy Fund

Toolkits – Volume 3

TAF toolkit 3

Toolkit 3 – Rules of Origin in International Trade: A Practical Guide

Rules of origin are one of the most complex but at the same time essential issues in international trade. They specify the techniques and procedures by which individual countries and regional economic communities define the national origin of goods which they export or import.  “Non-preferential” rules are applied by countries to the generality of their international trade in manufactured products, and are important for the application of trade measures that are permitted in some cases by the World Trade Organisation such as anti-dumping duties or quota restrictions on imports.  “Preferential” rules are designed to ensure that the benefits of preferential trade arrangements such as tariff-free imports are restricted to products that originate in the intended beneficiary countries.

To date it has not been possible to negotiate a single multilateral framework or discipline for the definition and operation of rules of origin.  Exporting countries may be faced with different rules operating in different markets for the same products.

On the basis of concrete examples and in clear language the Toolkit explains the history, nature and operation of rules of origin, the different impact of non-preferential and preferential rules, the varying impacts of different rule systems, and the importance for exporting countries of understanding the rules that apply in their target markets.  It gives valuable guidance on the principles underlying rules of origin, and on points to keep in mind in international negotiations that relate to rules of origin. In particular it stresses the importance of basing rules on the realities of manufacturing processes and of taking into account present-day global value chains.

Download TAF Toolkit 3 — English:

 

Télécharger TAF Toolkit 3 — Français:

 

Kit de Instrumentos para Consultas 3 – (Português)

 

For more information on the advisory toolkit series please contact Ilmari Soininen, TAF Grant Officer (Ilmari.soininen@tradeadvocacyfund.com)

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TAF Projects (December 2013)
Country or Region Grant Title

Implementation Status

Afghanistan Advisory Mission to Afghanistan

Completed

COMESA Advisory Mission to the East and Southern Africa (ESA) Group

Completed

EAC Advisory Mission to the EAC

Completed

Ethiopia Advisory Mission to Ethiopia

Completed

Global Feasibility Study for Advisory Centre on Regional Trade Agreements (ACORTA)

Completed

Global TAF Advisory Event 1

Completed

Lao PDR Advisory Mission to Lao PDR

Completed

Lesotho Advisory Mission to Lesotho

Completed

Malawi Advisory Mission to Malawi

Completed

Multi-Region Advisory Mission to  the AUC

Completed

Nepal Advisory Mission to Nepal

Completed

PIFS Support to Pacific ACP States in EPA negotiations

Completed

Samoa Logistical Support

Completed

Sierra Leone Advisory Mission to Sierra Leone

Completed

Solomon Islands Advisory Mission to the Solomon Islands

Completed

Sri Lanka Advisory Mission to Sri Lanka

Completed

Uganda Advisory Mission to Uganda

Completed

Vanuatu Advisory Mission to Vanuatu

Completed

ACP Call-down Support to the ACP Group in Geneva

Ongoing

Afghanistan Trade Negotiation Training and Capacity Building Support to Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Ongoing

EAC TradeSift Training for EAC Tripartite FTA Negotiations

Ongoing

ECOWAS Trade Capacity Building Programme

Ongoing

ECOWAS WTO Law Advisory Services and Capacity Building

Ongoing

Global Channel 2: Training on WTO Law and Dispute Settlement – ACWL

Ongoing

Global Channel 2: Training on WTO Law and Dispute Settlement – Trapca

Ongoing

Global TAF Advisory Publications/Toolkits

Ongoing

LDC Group Support to LDC Services Waiver

Ongoing

Nigeria Support to Nigeria Ministry of Trade and Investment

Ongoing

PIFS Support to the Pacific ACP States in EPA negotiations

Ongoing

OCTA Support for PACER Plus Negotiations

Ongoing

Solomon Islands Strengthening Trade Negotiation Capacity of Solomon Islands

Ongoing

The Gambia Support to the Ministry of Trade

Ongoing

TMSA Support to Tripartite FTA negotiations

Ongoing

Vanuatu Trade Negotiations Support

Ongoing

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